1分pk10

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餐饮浪费现象触目惊心 如何以法律手段约束餐饮浪费


  ZHIYAOYOUSHENGFANSHENGCAI,JIUHUIDABAO——ZHEISHIQUANGUORENDADAIBIAODANGYONGFUJIANCHIDUONIANDEYIGEXIGUAN,“XIAOSHIHOUWEILESHENGCUN,WOCHIGUOSHUYEHEYECAI,SHENZHILIANGSHIDEKEGUI。ZHEIXIENIANZHILITURANGWURAN,SHENZHILIANGSHIZENGCHANDEBUYI”。

  “TURANGWURANFANGZHIFADECHUTAI,WEITURANGWURANFANGZHIGONGZUOTIGONGLEFAZHIBAOZHANG,YOULIJIEJUELETURANGWURANWENTI。WOJUEDE,HAIYINGZAIFALVZHONGZUOCHUGENGJIAJUTI、GANGXINGDEGUIDING,BAJIEJUECANYINLANGFEIWENTINARUGENGWANSHANDEFAZHIGUIDAO。”DANGYONGFUSHUO。

1分pk10  DANGYONGFUDEQIDAI,YOUWANGBIANCHENGXIANSHI。

  MUQIAN,QUANGUORENDACHANGWEIHUIFAGONGWEIANZHAOXIJINPINGZONGSHUJIGUANYU“YAOJIAQIANGLIFA,QIANGHUAJIANGUAN,CAIQUYOUXIAOCUOSHI,JIANLIZHANGXIAOJIZHI,JIANJUEZHIZHICANYINLANGFEIXINGWEI”DEYAOQIU,ZHUAJINYANJIUTICHULIFAGONGZUOFANGAN,GAOZHIGAOXIAOZUOHAOXIANGGUANLIFAGONGZUO,JUEDINGCHENGLIGONGZUOZHUANBANKAIZHANXIANGGUANGONGZUO。

  “LIFAYAOJIANCHIWENTIDAOXIANG、MUBIAODAOXIANG、JIEGUODAOXIANG,YAOQIANGDIAOJINGZHUNHUA、KESUHUA、KECAIHUA、KEZHIXINGHUA。YAOZHENDUIJIGUANDANWEI、QIYE、CANYINGONGSI、XUEXIAODENG,JINGZHUNSHEDINGJIANDUZHUTI,DUILANGFEIXIANXIANGCAIQUJINGGAO、GONGSHI、XUNJIE、FAKUANDENGDUOZHONGSHOUDUAN,WANSHANCHENGZHILANGFEIDEFALVZHIDUTIXI。”ZHONGGUORENMINDAXUEFAXUEYUANJIAOSHOULIUJUNHAISHUO。

  餐饮浪费现象触目惊心

  DANGDESHIBADAYILAI,GEDIQUGEBUMENCAIQUCHUTAIXIANGGUANWENJIAN、KAIZHAN“GUANGPANXINGDONG”DENGCUOSHI,DALIZHENGZHILANGFEIZHIFENG,“SHEJIANSHANGDELANGFEI”XIANXIANGYOUSUOGAIGUAN,TEBIESHIQUNZHONGFANYINGQIANGLIEDEGONGKUANCANYINLANGFEIXINGWEIDEDAOYOUXIAOEZHI。

1分pk10  DANYUCITONGSHI,YIXIEDIFANGCANYINLANGFEIXIANXIANGRENGRANCUNZAI,QIYANZHONGCHENGDUCHUMUJINGXIN。

1分pk10  2018NIAN,ZHONGGUOKEXUEYUANDILIKEXUEYUZIYUANYANJIUSUOHESHIJIEZIRANJIJINHUILIANHEFABUDE《ZHONGGUOCHENGSHICANYINSHIWULANGFEIBAOGAO》(YIXIAJIANCHENGBAOGAO)XIANSHI,ZHONGGUOCANYINYERENJUNSHIWULANGFEILIANGWEIMEIRENMEICAN93KE,LANGFEILVWEI11.7%。

1分pk10  BAOGAOCESUAN,2015NIANZHONGGUOCHENGSHICANYINYEJINCANZHUOSHIWULANGFEILIANGJIUZAI1700WANZHI1800WANDUNZHIJIAN,XIANGDANGYU3000WANZHI5000WANRENYINIANDESHIWULIANG——ERZHEIYANGJINGRENDELANGFEILIANG,HAIZHISHI“CHENGSHICANYIN”ZHEIYIHUANJIE。

  BAOGAOXIANSHI,YOUKE、JIAODAGUIMOCANGUAN、PENGYOUJUHUIHEGONGWUSHANGWUXIAOFEI、ZHONGXIAOXUEXIAOCHENGWEICANYINSHIWULANGFEIDE“ZHONGZAIQU”。QIZHONG,DAXINGCANGUANSHANGWUJUHUILEIXINGDEPINGJUNLANGFEILVGAODA38%,XUESHENGHEFANYOUSANFENZHIYIBEIRENGDIAO。

  CANYINLANGFEIBUJINJINYIWEIZHERENGDIAODALIANGSHIWU,GENGYIWEIZHESHENGCHANZHEIXIESHIWUSHISUOTOURUDEDALIANGSHUI、NENGYUAN、TUDIYIJISHENGCHANZILIAODENGDEWUXIAOXIAOHAO。ERQIE,CHULIZHEIXIECHUYULAJIYEJICHENGSHIDAILAILEJUDADEHUANJINGYALI。

  ZHONGGUOKEXUEYUANDILIKEXUEYUZIYUANYANJIUSUOYANJIUYUANCHENGSHENGKUIZHICHU,WOGUOGUOQINGYIJINGWUFAZHICHENGZHEIZHONGHUIHUOSHIDESHIWUXIAOFEIFANGSHI。JIANLIYIJIEJIANWEIHEXINDEZIYUANJIEYUE、HUANJINGYOUHAO、SHENGTAIXUNHUAN、ANQUANJIANKANGDELVSEXIAOFEIMOSHI,SHIZAIBIXING。

  缺乏有效刚性制度约束

  WEILEYOUXIAOYUESHUCANYINLANGFEIXINGWEI,DUONIANLAI,YIZHIYOULIFADEHUSHENGHEJUCUO。

1分pk10  2009NIANQUANGUORENDAHUIYIQIJIAN,ZHENDUISHEHUISHANGYIXIELANGFEILIANGSHIDEXINGWEI,SHIYIJIEQUANGUORENDADAIBIAO、ZHEJIANGTAIZHOUSHIRENDACHANGWEIHUIZHURENXUESHAOXIANJIANYI,JINKUAIDUILANGFEILIANGSHIDEXINGWEIJINXINGLIFA,MINGQUEGUIDINGJIEYUELIANGSHIGULIZHIDUYULANGFEILIANGSHIZHONGCHENGZHIDU。GULIHELIXIAOFEI、JIEYUEXIAOFEI,ZHONGCHENGLANGFEIZHE,TEBIEYAODUICANGUANFANDIANZHONGFANZHUOSHANGDELANGFEIXINGWEI,YANLICHUFALANGFEIZHE,TONGSHIGUIDINGCANGUANFANDIANYEZHUFULIANDAIZEREN。

1分pk10  2013NIAN,SHIRENGUOJIALIANGSHIJUJUZHANGRENZHENGXIAOTICHU,JIELIANGJIANSUN、FANDUILANGFEI,BIXUJIANLIZHANGXIAOJIZHI。TEBIEYAOTANSUOWEIJIEYUELIANGSHI、FANDUILANGFEILIFA。ZAILIANGSHIFAZHONGMINGQUEJIEYUELIANGSHI、FANDUILANGFEITIAOKUAN,YIFALVSHOUDUANYUESHUZHENGZHILANGFEILIANGSHIDEXINGWEI。

  ZHIDEZHUYIDESHI,DUIYUZHIZHILANGFEI、LIXINGJIEYUE,WOGUOXIANFADISHISITIAOGUIDING“GUOJIALIXINGJIEYUE,FANDUILANGFEI”,MINFADIANZHONGYEYOU“MINSHIZHUTICONGSHIMINSHIHUODONG,YINGDANGYOULIYUJIEYUEZIYUAN、BAOHUSHENGTAIHUANJING”DEGUIDING。

  WEIGENGHAOYUESHUCANYINLANGFEIXINGWEI,ZHEIXIENIANLAI,GEDIYEZAIJIJITANSUOLIFAJIANGUAN。

  2013NIAN,GUANGDONGZHUHAILVXIANDUICANYINLANGFEICHUFAZANXINGBANFAZHENGQIUYIJIAN。JINNIAN1YUE,JIANGSUCHUTAI《JIANGSUSHENGLIANGSHILIUTONGTIAOLI》,GUIDINGXIANJIYISHANGDIFANGRENMINZHENGFUJIQIYOUGUANBUMENYINGDANGJIAQIANGAILIANGJIELIANGXUANCHUANJIAOYU,XINWENMEITIYINGDANGDUIJIEYUELIANGSHIKAIZHANGONGYIXINGXUANCHUAN,DUILANGFEILIANGSHIDEXINGWEIJINXINGYULUNJIANDU。

  DANZONGDELAIKAN,FALVZHONGDEXIANGGUANGUIDINGHAIBIJIAOFENSAN,XITONGXING、ZHENDUIXING、JICHENGXINGHAIBUGOUQIANG,DIFANGSHANGDELIFATANSUOYEQUEFAKECAOZUOXING,SHIDECANYINLANGFEIXINGWEISHIZHONGQUEFAYOUXIAODEZHIDUYUESHU。

  QUANGUORENDADAIBIAO、JIANGXICAIJINGDAXUEHUANJINGYUMAOYIYANJIUZHONGXINZHURENLIXIUXIANGCENGJINGJIUCANYINLANGFEIWENTIZUOGUODIAOYAN,ZAITAKANLAI,ZAOCHENGCANYINLANGFEIYOUZHEDUOZHONGYUANYIN,CHULEMANGMUPANBI、JIANGPAICHANG、TIAOSHIDENG,YIGEZHONGYAOYUANYINJIUSHIQUEFAYOUXIAODEYUESHUJIZHIHECHENGJIEJIZHI。

1分pk10  “ZAIDEGUO,RENMENKEYIDUICANYINLANGFEIXINGWEIJINXINGJUBAO,ZHIFABUMENHUIJINKUAIGANDAOBINGKAICHUFADAN。ERZAIWOGUOXIANXINGFALVZHONG,GUANYUZHIZHICANYINLANGFEIXINGWEIDEGUIDING,GENGDUODIHAITINGLIUZAICHANGDAOCENGMIAN,MEIYOUXINGCHENGGANGXINGDEZHIDUYUESHU。”LIXIUXIANGSHUO。

  完善惩治浪费法律制度

  ZAIGUOJIACENGMIANJINXINGZHUANMENLIFALAIYUESHUCANYINLANGFEIXINGWEI,YIJINGFEICHANGPOQIE。

  QUANGUORENDADAIBIAO、ANHUISHENGNONGYEKEXUEYUANFUYUANZHANGZHAOWANPINGRENWEI,ZHENDUICANYINLANGFEIWENTIJINXINGLIFADEBIYAOXINGHEKEXINGXINGDOUYIJUBEI,“SUIRANCHISHENME、CHIDUOSHAOSHIGERENDEQUANLI,DANRUGUOZAICANYINSHANGCHUXIANLANGFEI,JIUSHIDUISHEHUICHENGBENDEXIAOHAO,SHIDUIGONGGONGLIYIDEYIZHONGSUNHAI,YINGDANGZAIFALVZHIDUCENGMIANDUICIJIAYIYUESHU”。

  ZHIDEZHUYIDESHI,XIANGGUANLIFADEZHUNBEIGONGZUOYIJINGQIDONG。

  QUANGUORENDACHANGWEIHUIFAGONGWEIXINGZHENGFASHIYIJIXUNSHIYUANZHANGGUILONGSHUO,FAGONGWEIJIANGHUITONGYOUGUANFANGMIANJIJIJIUJIAQIANGZHIZHICANYINLANGFEIXINGWEILIFAWENTIRENZHENYANJIU、SHENRULUNZHENG,TONGGUODUOZHONGLIFA、JUEDINGDENGXINGSHI,DUIZHIZHICANYINLANGFEIXINGWEIZUOCHUJUTIMINGQUEGUIDING,ZAILIANGSHIANQUANBAOZHANGFAHEQITAXIANGGUANFALVZHIDINGXIUGAIZHONGFENBIEZUOCHUYOUZHENDUIXINGDEGUIDING。TEBIESHIZAICANYINXIAOFEIHUANJIE,JIJICHANGDAOHELI、JIANKANGDEYINSHIWENHUA,JIANLIZHIZHICANYINLANGFEIXINGWEIZHANGXIAOJIZHI。

  ZHUANJIARENWEI,DUIYUCANYINLANGFEIXINGWEIJINXINGLIFAGUIZHI,YAOJIANCHIWENTIDAOXIANGJINXINGJINGZHUNLIFA,JIYAODUICANYINQIYE、XIAOFEIZHEDENGDUOGEHUANJIEQUANFUGAI,YEYAOZHEZHONGDUIGONGWUSHANGWUXIAOFEI、XUEXIAOCANYINDENGCANYINLANGFEI“ZHONGZAIQU”JIAYIGUIFAN,JIYAOGOUJIANYUESHUCANYINLANGFEIXINGWEIDEGANGXINGZHIDU,YEYAOBAWOHAOCHUFADELIDUHEBIANJIE。

  HUADONGZHENGFADAXUEFUJIAOSHOUSUNYUHUARENWEI,ZHENDUIBUTONGZHUTIHEBUTONGQINGXING,YINGDANGZUOCHUCHANGDAO、JILI、CHENGJIEDENGYOUZHENDUIXINGDEZHIDUSHEJI。

  LIRU,CANYINQIYEYINGMIANFEITIGONGSHILIANGDEDABAOHE,GULIDABAOSHENGFANSHENGCAI、JIEYUELIANGSHI;CANGUAN、JIUDIAN、CHAOSHIDENGQIYEJUANZENGJIJIANGGUOQIHEDUOYUDESHIWU,KEYIPINGCIXIANGSHOUSHUISHOUYOUHUIZHENGCE;DUIYUGUYILANGFEISHIWUDEQIYE,KEYIZUOCHUFAKUANDENGCHUFA。

  DUIYUGERENXIAOFEI,YINGDANGYICHANGDAOWEIZHU,TUIDONGXINGCHENGQINJIANJIEYUEDEXIGUAN。TONGSHI,KEYICAIQUDIFANGSHIDIANDEFANGSHI,SHIXINGXUNXUJIANJINDECHUFACUOSHI。LIRU,KEYIJIEJIANDEGUOZHILICANYINLANGFEIDEJINGYAN,RENHERENDOUKEYIDUICANYINLANGFEIXINGWEIJINXINGJUBAO,ZHIFABUMENJIEDAOJUBAOHOUYINGLIJICHULI。

1分pk10  “YOUQIYAOZHUAZHUGONGKUANXIAOFEIZHEIGEZHONGXIN,DUIYUYANZHONGDECANYINLANGFEIXINGWEI,YINGDANGYIFAZHUIJIUFALVZEREN。TONGGUOZHUAZHUZHEIGE‘GUANJIANSHAOSHU’,YICILAIDAIDONGZHENGGESHEHUIFENGQIDEGAIBIAN,SHIXIANFALVXIAOGUO、ZHENGZHIXIAOGUO、SHEHUIXIAOGUODETONGYI。”LIUJUNHAISHUO。

  其他国家如何治理食物浪费

1分pk10  SHIWULANGFEIWENTI,ZAIHENDUOGUOJIAHEDIQUDOUSHINANTI。JINNIANLAI,YOUDUOGEGUOJIATONGGUOZHIDINGFALVDEXINGSHI,LAIJIEJUEZHEIYIWENTI。

1分pk10  FAGUOSHIQUANQIUSHOUGEZHUANMENZHIDINGFALVLAIJINZHISHIWULANGFEIDEGUOJIA,2016NIAN2YUETONGGUODE《SHIWULANGFEIFAAN》GUIDING,JINZHICHAOSHIRENGDIAOHUOXIAOHUIWEISHOUCHUDESHIWU。JIARUCHAOSHIYOUSHENGYU,XUJIANGQIJUANZENGJICISHANJIGOUHUOSHIWUYINXING。CHAOSHIHECISHANJIGOUQIANDINGXIEYIHOU,NENGHUODEJUANZENG60%CHANPINJIAZHIDESHUISHOUJIANMIAN。

1分pk10  DEGUOBEIRENWEISHICHUFACANTINGLANGFEIZUIYANDEGUOJIA。CONGYOUERYUANQI,HAIZIMENJIUHUISHOUDAOJIEJIANJIUCANDEJIAOYU。WULUNZIZHUCANHAISHIDIANCAN,DOUBUNENGLANGFEI,YIDANFAXIANYOURENLANGFEI,RENHEJIANZHENGRENDOUKEXIANGXIANGGUANJIGOUJUBAO,GONGZUORENYUANHUILIJIGANDAO,ANGUIDINGFAKUAN。

1分pk10  YIDALICANYIYUAN2016NIAN8YUE2RITONGGUOYIGEGULIJIEYUEDEFAAN,XIWANGJIECIJIANGMEINIANLANGFEIDESHIWUXUEJIANLIANGCHENG。GAIFAANJIANHUALECHAOSHIHENONGCHANGJUANZENGSHIWUDECHENGXU,YUNXUCHAOSHIJUANZENGCHAOGUOBAOZHIQIBUJIUDEWEISHOUCHUSHIPIN,NONGCHANGJUANZENGZHIXIAOCHANPINYEWUXUJIAONAEWAIFEIYONG。GAIFAANHAIGULICANTINGTIGONGDABAOFUWU,RANGXIAOFEIZHEJIANGCHIBUWANDEFANCAIDAIHUIJIA。

  WEIJIEJUESHIWULANGFEIWENTI,RIBENZAI2019NIAN5YUETONGGUO《SHIWULANGFEIXUEJIANTUIJINFAAN》,YAOQIUCONGSHIPINSHENGCHANDAOXIAOFEIDENGGEGEHUANJIEJIANSHAOLANGFEI,BINGYUDANGNIAN11YUEDIKAISHISHISHI。FAANXIEMING,ZHENGFUYOUZERENTUIJINYOUGUANBIMIANSHIWULANGFEIDEZHENGCE。FAANYAOQIUZAINEIGEFUSHEZHI“SHIWULANGFEIXUEJIANTUIJINHUIYI”,TUIDONG“SHIWUYINXING”(ZHUYAOWEIJINGJIYOUKUNNANRENSHITIGONGZANSHIXINGSHANSHIZHIYUAN,GULITAMENZILIGENGSHENG)HUODONGDENG。

  BENBAOJIZHE PUXIAOLEI ZHENGLI


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