1分pk10

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抗战·民族记忆④ “八百壮士”: 孤军血战守四行


  编者按: 75年前,中国人民经过长达14年艰苦卓绝的斗争,取得了中国人民抗日战争的伟大胜利,彻底粉碎了日本军国主义殖民奴役中国的图谋,开启了古老中国凤凰涅槃、浴火重生的新征程。中央纪委国家监委网站推出“抗战·民族记忆”专栏,通过一个个生动故事,一件件珍贵文物,追忆中华儿女抵御外侮、救亡图存的峥嵘岁月,传承弘扬伟大的抗战精神。


  1937NIAN10YUE,SONGHUHUIZHANHOUQI,YIZHIHUBEICHIYUANSHANGHAIDEJUNDUIDIDASHANGHAIJIAOQU,TAMENCHUANGUOZACAOCONGSHENGDEHUANGYE,KANDAODEBUSHIGAOLOULINLIDEMODENGDOUSHI,ERSHIYIPIANDUANWACANYUAN……ZHEISHIDIANYING《BABAI》DEKAITOU。ZHEIBULIANGGEBANXIAOSHIDEYINGPIANJIANGSHULE: “BABAIZHUANGSHI”GUJUNXUEZHANSHOUSIXINGDEGUSHI。

1分pk10  “SHESHENGQUYI、KANGKAIFUSI,ZHENDIBUHUIDIU、GUOJIABUHUIWANG……”ZHENSHIDESIXINGCANGKUBAOWEIZHAN,SHIZENYANGYICHANGBEIZHUANGDESHENGSIZUJI?

  誓死抵抗: “与最后阵地共存亡”

  “SHANGMIANDADAXIAOXIAODEPAODANDANDONGHEMIMIMAMADEZIDANDANKONG,SHI83NIANQIANLIUXIADE。”2020NIAN8YUE19RI,SHANGHAIZHABEIJINYUANJINIANGUANGCHANG,JINNIAN68SUIDEYUANSIXINGCANGKUDANGWEISHUJI、ZONGJINGLILVCHUANLIANG,ZHIZHEYANQIANSIXINGCANGKUDEXIQIANGGAOSUJIZHE,“ZHEIMIANQIANGSHIZUIBEIZHUANGDEJIANZHENG。”

留在四行仓库外墙上的弹洞和弹孔

1分pk10  1937NIAN10YUE27RIQINGCHEN,SUZHOUHEBEIANDESIXINGCANGKUXIANGQIYIZHENQIANGSHENG。ZHEIZUOLIUCENGLOUDEGANGJINSHUINIJIANZHU,SHIDANGSHISHANGHAISIDAYINXINGLIANHESHELIDEYINGYESUODECANGKU。

  1937NIAN,“BAYISAN”SONGHUHUIZHANBAOFAHOU,RIJUNLUXUGONGZHANDACHANG、JIANGWAN、ZHABEI、MIAOXINGDIQU,QITUQIEDUANZHONGGUOJUNDUIHOULU。WEIBIMIANBEIWEIJIAN,ZHONGGUOZHULIBUDUITUICHEZHISUZHOUHEYINANDIQU。

1分pk10  10YUE26RI,DI88SHI262LV524TUANFUTUANZHANGXIEJINYUANLINWEISHOUMING,LV1YINGGUANBING420YURENLIUSHOUZHABEISIXINGCANGKU,DUIWAIXUANCHENG“BABAI”YUREN,YANHUDABUDUICHELI。

  WEISHENMEHUIXUANZESIXINGCANGKU?“ZUOWEIDANGSHISHANGHAIJINCHENG、DALU,YANYE、ZHONGNANSIDAYINXINGDECANGKU,ZHEILIBUJINQIANGHOULOUGAO,ERQIEFEICHANGJIANGU、YISHOUNANGONG。”LVCHUANLIANGSHUO。

  TAZHIJINHAIJIDE——1983NIAN,GANGGANGDIAODAOZHEILIGONGZUOSHI,LAOSHIFUWANGXIEFANJIANGSHU“BABAIZHUANGSHI”DEQINGJING。WANGXIEFANDEFUQINSHIDANGNIANLIUSHOUCANGKUDEYUANGONG,YESHI“BABAIZHUANGSHI”ZUIHOUDEJIEYINGZHE。

  SONGHUHUIZHANHOUQI,SIXINGCANGKUYISHIYIZUOCHENGZHONG“GUDAO”——XIBEIMIANBEIRIJUNZHANLING,DONGMIANHENANANSHIGEGUOZUJIE,ZHEILIYESHISHANGHAIZUIHOUYICHUYOUZHONGGUOJUNDUIZHUSHOUZHIDI。

1分pk10  10YUE27RILINGCHEN,XIEJINYUANLVDUIJINZHU,ZHIHUIGELIANPAILIYONGCANGKUWUZIHESHABAOXIUZHUFANGYUGONGSHI,ZHUNBEIYINGZHAN。

1分pk10  “SISHOUSIXINGCANGKU,YUZUIHOUZHENDIGONGCUNWANG。”XIEJINYUANXIADAMINGLING,“ZHIYAOHAIYOUYIGEREN,JIUYAOTONGDIRENPINDAODI!SIXINGCANGKUJIUSHI1FENpk10DEMAIGUZHICHU!”WANGXIEFANDEFUQINMUDULEZHEICHANGKANGKAIJIANGDEDONGYUAN。QUANTIGUANBINGNUHOU: “SHIYUSIXINGCANGKUGONGCUNWANG!”

  浴血奋战: 一寸山河一寸血

  YIMIANSHICANBAODEQINLVE,YIMIANSHIYINGYONGDEDIKANG。

1分pk10  10YUE27RIQINGCHEN,DIYIGURIJUNKAISHIXIANGSIXINGCANGKUJINGONG。“BABAIZHUANGSHI”ZAOYOUZHUNBEI,YANTINEIMAIFUDEBUQIANG、LOUDINGSHANGJIASHEDEJIQIANGYIQIKAIHUO。DUANDUANSHIJIFENZHONG,ERSHIDUOMINGRIBENSHIBINGJIUBEIQUANBUXIAOMIE。

  RIJUNJUEBUBAXIU,FAQIYICICISANGXINBINGKUANGDEJINGONG。ZHONGXINGJIQIANG、POJIPAO、TANKE、ZHAYAO……HUOLIBUDUANSHENGJI。

  “XIAYIGE,TIAO,XIAYIGE,TIAO...”DIANYING《BABAI》YOUZHEIYANGYIGEQINGJIE,CHUOZHONGWUSHURENDELEIDIAN——WEIZUZHIRIJUNGONGCHENGBINGBAOPOQIANGTI,SHOUJUNZHANSHIMENSHENKUNZHAYAO,YIGEJIEYIGE,KANGKAIFUSI。

1分pk10  “HUBEITONGCHENGLIMANCANG……”“HUNANLIUYANGWANGJINDOU……”“NIANG,HAIERBUXIAOLE!”TAMENCAOZHEBUTONGDEKOUYIN,HANCHUZUIHOUDEYIYAN,YIWUFANGU、ZONGSHENYIYUE……HEDIRENTONGGUIYUJIN。

  LISHIDEZHENXIANGTONGYANGCANLIE。

  10YUE28RILIMINGQIAN,SHIJIGERIJUNTOUTOUQIANZHISIXINGCANGKUQIANGXIA,QITUYONGZHAYAOZHAHUITIEMENHEQIANGBI。SIXINGSHOUJUNFAJUEHOULIJITOUZHISHOULIUDANHEPOJIPAODAN,JIAOHUADERIJUNYONGLIANGKUAIDATIEBANHUZHUTOUBUHESHENTI,JIXUMAISHEZHAYAO。

  QIANJUNYIFAZHIJI,NIANJIN21SUIDEGANSIDUIDUIYUAN、ERLIANSIBANFUBANZHANGCHENSHUSHENGSHENKUNSHUMEISHOULIUDAN,CONGWULOUZONGSHENTIAOXIA,LAKAIDAOHUOSUO,YUDIRENTONGGUIYUJIN。

1分pk10  SHANGHAIZUOJIASHENJIZAIHUIYIWENZHANGZHONGXIEDAO: “1937NIAN,WO14SUI。JIAZHUXINZHALUKOU,GESUZHOUHEJIUSHISIXINGCANGKU。WODENGGAOLOU,YONGWANGYUANJINGGUANWANG,QINYANMUDU,YIWEIZHANSHIQUANSHENGUAMANSHOULIUDAN,CONGKONGZHONGTIAOXIA,ZHASIRIJUN。ZHEIXIECANLIEDEZHANDOUCHANGJING,WOZHONGSHENGNANWANG,YINGYONGZAIKANGZHANSHICE。”

1分pk10  10YUE30RI,JIZHANJINRUDISITIAN。RIJUNDISANJIANDUISILINGGUANZHANGGUCHUANQINGDENGRENXUANCHENG,JIANGBUGUYIQIEHOUGUO,CAIQUJIDUANSHOUDUAN,DUIFUZHONGGUOSHOUJUN。RIJUNFENGSUOSIXINGCANGKUDUIWAIDEJIAOTONGXIAN,ZAIGUOQINGLUSHANGJIAPAOXIANGCANGKUMENGLIEHONGJI,BUBINGZECONGLIANGYIJINGONG。XIEJINYUANLVBUJUGAOLINXIAYINGYONGHAIJI,DATUIRIJUNYILANGYOUYILANGDEJINGONG。DIRENZAIZHONGGUOSHOUJUNMIANQIANSHIZHONGWUFAQIANJINYIBU。

  YUXUEZHIZHAN,BISIZHIXIN。WUQIZHUANGBEIYUANBENZHANJINYOUSHIDERIJUN,CISHIWEIZHESIXINGCANGKUTUHUNAIHE。

1分pk10  DUANDUANSITIANSHIJIAN,“BABAIZHUANGSHIYI”ZHENWANG10YUREN、SHANG20YURENDEDAIJIA,JITUIDIJUNSHUSHICIJINGONG,BIDI200DUOREN,BIAOXIANCHUSHISIRUGUIDEJUNRENQIGAI。

  壮士许国: “余一枪一弹,必与敌军周旋到底”

  “SHESHENGQUYI,ERSUOYUANYE!”——ZHEISHICHENSHUSHENGZAIZONGSHENYIYUE、KANGKAIFUSIZHIQIAN,XIEJISICHUANDABASHANLAOMUQINDEYIXINGBEICHUANGDEXUESHU。

  ZHANDOUJIANXI,XIEJINYUANXIALINGZHUANGSHIMENJIJIARENXIEFENGJIANDUANDEYISHU,JIESHAOZHEICIZHANDOUDEQINGKUANGHESHESHENGQUYIDEJUEXIN。

 

谢晋元和战士们在四行仓库留下的遗书

  “WOSHENZHOUBANBIHESHAN,RIZAOCANSHI,WEIGUOSHADISHIGEMINGJUNRENSUZHIYE。”

  “ZHUZIZHANGDACHENGREN,RENGYIDANGJUNREN”。

  “WEIFUBAOCHOU,WEIGUOJINZHONGWEIYI,RANGWOZISUNHOUDAI,ZAIBUSHOUCIWURU!”

  ……

  WEIGUOJINZHONG,SHENGSIZAOYIZHIZHIDUWAI。JUTONGJI,ZHEIYANGDEYISHUZAISIXINGCANGKUGONGLIUXIA298FENG,TAMENZHONGYOUDEXIEJIFUMU、YOUDEXIEJIQIER,ZIZIXUELEI,BAOHANZHONGYONGGANGLIEZHIQING。

  “YUYIQIANGYIDAN,YIBIYUDIZHOUXUANDAODI!”XIEJINYUANZAIZHEIFENQINBIYISHUZHONG,BIAODALEYUANWEIGUOJUANQU、KANGKAIFUSIDEZHIXIANG。“JINYUANJUEXINXUNGUO,SHIBUQINGYICHETUI,YIBUZUOPIANKETOUSHENGZHIJI……”

  ZHUSHOUZAIDUIANZUJIEDEYINGJUN,CENGDUOCIQUANSHUOGUJUNXIEXIAWUZHUANG、TUIRUZUJIE,CHENGNUOBAOZHENGBUDUIJIANGSHIMENDERENSHENANQUAN。“1FENpk10SHIZHONGGUOJUNREN,NINGYUANZHANSIZAIZHABEIZHEIKUAILINGTUZHINEI,YEJUEBUFANGQISHADIDEZEREN。”XIEJINYUANJIANJUEJUJUE,“HUNKEYILIKAI1FENpk10DESHEN,QIANGBUNENGLIKAI1FENpk10DESHOU。MEIYOUMINGLING,SIYEBUTUI。”

  牺牲与觉醒: 北岸硝烟 南岸热血

  “DANGNIANWEISHENMEXUANZESIXINGCANGKU?HAIYOUYIGEYUANYIN”,LVCHUANLIANGGAOSUJIZHE,“ZHEILIWEIZHITESHU——BEIKAOSUZHOUHE,NANMIANSHIDANGSHIGONGGONGZUJIE,GEZHEYITIAOHEJIUNENGKANDAODUIANDEZHANDOU,NAZHEWANGYUANJINGJIUNENGKANQINGCHUZHANSHIMENDEYIJUYIDONG。”JIANGBAOWEIZHANXUANZAICIDI,YOUYIXIANGSHIJIEBIAOMING——MIANDUIRIJUNDEQINLVE,ZHONGGUOJUNDUIYINGYONGDIKANG,YICILAIZHENGQUGUOJISHEHUIDETONGQINGHEZHICHI。

  ZAIJIZHANDESITIANLI,SHUSHIWANQUNZHONGHUIJIZAIANBIANGUANKAN。ZHUANGSHIMENDEYINGYONGBUQUJIDADIGUWUZHETAMEN……LAIZISUZHOUHENANANDEWEIWENPINHEWEIWENXINBEIYICIYOUYICIQIAOQIAOSONGJINCANGKU。

四行仓库抗日纪念馆内塑像: 杨惠敏将旗交到谢晋元手中

  1937NIAN10YUE29RI,ZHANDOUJINXINGDAODISANTIAN,SHIMINMENTURANKANDAOSIXINGCANGKULOUDINGSHANGPIAOYANGZHEYIMIANGUOQI,QIGANSHIYONG6GENZHUGANKUNBANGLIANJIEERCHENGDE。ZHEISHIJIAZHUZAIZUJIE、YIMING16SUIDESHANGHAINVTONGZIJUNYANGHUIMIN,MAOSIWEISIXINGSHOUJUNSONGLAIDE。XIEJINYUANMINGRENJIANGGUOQISHENGZAICANGKUDINGCENG,CIJUJIDADIGUWULEJIANGSHIMENDESHIQI。

1分pk10  JUDANGSHIHUADONGSHEJIZHEBAODAO: “MINZHONGYANGSHOUSHIZHI,YIXIANXINGFEN,DUIBABAIZHUANGSHIZHONGYONGFENFAZHIJINGSHEN,YIRANQIJING。”

  ZHONGDUOWAIGUOJIZHEYEGEANMUDULEZHONGGUOJIANGSHIDEZHUANGJU,LIANXUFACHUZHANDIBAODAO: “BABAIZHUANGSHISISHOUSIXINGCANGKU,ZHONGGUOJUNDUIZHENGZAIJIANJUEDIKANGQINLVE。”《TAIWUSHIBAO》KANWENCHENG: “BABAIZHUANGSHISHIWEIRENDAOERZHAN,WEIWENMINGERZHAN,WEIHEPINGERZHAN。”XIANGSHIJIEFACHU“ZHONGGUOBUHUIWANG”DESHENGYIN。

  10YUE30RI,BAOZHEBISIJUEXIN,GUJUNFENZHANSITIANHOU,XIEJINYUANSHOUDAOSHANGJIMINGLING——LVBUCHETUIDAOYINGZUJIE。

  英雄壮歌: “中国有你们不会亡”

  “ZHONGGUOBUHUIWANG,NIKANNEIMINZUYINGXIONGXIETUANZHANG。ZHONGGUOYIDINGQIANG,NIKANNEIBABAIZHUANGSHIGUJUNFENSHOUDONGZHANCHANG……NINGYUANSI,BUTUIRANG。NINGYUANSI,BUTOUJIANG。”

1分pk10  CENGJINGSHENWEISIXING“BABAIZHUANGSHI”YIYUANDELAOBINGWANGWENCHUANHUIXIANGQIDANGNIAN,YIRANXINCHAOPENGPAI。YIJINGZAILUNYISHANGDUGUOLE30DUOGECHUNQIUDETA,90DUOSUISHIYIJIUNENGYONGKOUQINCHUIZOUCHUZHEISHOU《GEBABAIZHUANGSHI》。ZHEIQINSHENGYECENGJINGHUIDANGZAIKANGRIZHANCHANG,BEIZHUANGJIYUE、XUEXINGANGYANG!

1分pk10  “YISHENBAOGUO,SHIBUSHENGHAI!”——ZAISHANGHAI,70YUWANLAIZICHUAN、XIANG、GUI、YU、QIAN、ZHEDENGDIDEZHONGGUOJUNREN,ZAIXUEYUHUOJIAOZHIDEZHANCHANGSHANG,YONGSHENGMINGLEIQIZHANHAO,YISHANGWANG25WANYURENDEJUDADAIJIA,XIANHOUBISHANGRIJUN4WANYUREN,CHEDIFENSUILERIJUNQITU“SANGEYUEMIEWANGZHONGGUO”DEQITU。

  JINTIAN,SUIZHEDANGNIANZHANZHENGDESHILIAOBUDUANBEIPILU,1FENpk10KEYIGENGDUOLEJIEDAO“BABAIZHUANGSHI”SISHOUSIXINGCANGKUDEBEIZHUANGLISHI。

  1937NIAN11YUE,ZHENGZHIJIUGUOGONGYUEHUIYIJIANGZAIBULUSAIERZHAOKAI。ZHONGGUODAIBIAOTUANYUANBENXIWANGPINGJIEZHEIZHIGUJUNZUIHOUDEDIKANG,YINGDEXIFANGZHICHI,YICIDIKANGHEZHIYUERIBENQINLVEZHE。DANSHIZUIZHONGHUANLAIDE,QUESHIXIFANGYAOQIUZHONGGUODAIBIAOTUANCONGHUIYITUIXIDE“JIANYI”。ZHONGGUODELIYI,ZAIYICIBEIWUSHIHECHUMAI。

1分pk10  BEICHUMAIDE,HAIYOUTUISHOUYINGZUJIEDE“BABAIZHUANGSHI”。TAMENBEIJIAOXIEHOUGUANRUXINGTONGJIANYUDE“GUJUNYING”ZHONG。1941NIAN4YUE24RI,RIJUNSHOUMAI4MINGPANTU,MIMOUJIANGXIEJINYUANSHAHAI。

  1941NIAN12YUE,TAIPINGYANGZHANZHENGBAOFAHOU,RIJUNQUANMIANJIEGUAN“GUJUNYING”,“BABAIZHUANGSHI”BEIYASONGDAOGUONEIGEDIZUOKUGONG。WEIWAJIEZHEIZHIZHONGGUOJUNMINYINYIWEIAODEKANGRIDUIWU,RIJUNHAIJIANGQIZHONGSHUSHIRENYASONGDAOTAIPINGYANGDAOGUOBABUYAXINJINEIYA,CHONGDANGLAOGONG,HENDUORENBEIZHEMOZHISI。

毛泽东称赞“八百壮士”为“民族革命典型”

  “BABAIZHUANGSHI”YONGSHENGMINGXIEXIABEIZHUANGYIBI!ZHEIXISHENGHUANQILEZHONGHUAMINZUTONGBAOTUANJIEQILAIDIKANGQINLVEDEJUEXING。WUSHUREXUEQINGNIANSHOUDAOGANZHAO,YIWUFANGUDIJIARUKANGRIZHANZHENGDEGUNGUNHONGLIUZHIZHONG。

1分pk10  1938NIAN10YUE12RI,MAOZEDONGZAI《LUNXINJIEDUAN》YIWENZHONG,CHENGZAN“BABAIZHUANGSHI”SHIYINGYONGKANGZHAN、WEIGUOJUANQUDEMINZUGEMINGDIANXING。

  薪火相传: 硝烟散尽 英魂永存

  SHANGHAIZHABEI,SUZHOUHEPAN。XIRI“BABAIZHUANGSHI”JIZHANZHIDI,RUJINYIJIANCHENG“SIXINGCANGKUKANGZHANJINIANGUAN”。

  “WOSHENZHOUBANBIHESHAN,RIZAOCANSHI,WANGGUOMIEZHONGZHIHUO,FAZHITAREN,CAOZHIZAIWO,YIBULIUXIN,ZISUNWUJIAOLEIYI。”ZOUJINQIZHONG,SHOUXIANYINGRUYANLIANDESHI83NIANQIAN,XIEJINYUANXIEJIQIZIDEJUEBIJIASHU。

1分pk10  RENPINGSUIYUELIUZHUAN,SHENGSIJIYINANWANG。“20SHIJI80NIANDAI,DANGSHIHENDUORENYIJINGBUZHIDAOSIXINGCANGKU‘BABAIZHUANGSHI’DEKANGZHANGUSHI。WOSHOUSHIFUWANGXIEFANDEYINGXIANG,GUANZHUDAONEIDUANLISHI。”LVCHUANLIANGXIANGJIZHEJIANGSHU,ZAICIDIJIANLIJINIANDECHUZHONG。“LISHIBUYINGGAIBEIYIWANG,TAMENYIKUNANERZHUANGLIEDEYISHENGWEIMINZURONGGUANGERZHAN、WEIGUOJIAXINGWANGSHESHENDEGUSHIYINGGAIBEIBAOLIUXIALAI”

  DUONIANLAI,YIJINGSHISHANGHAISHIZHABEIQUZHENGXIEWEIYUANDELVCHUANLIANG,JIJIBENZOU、QIANGLIEHUYUZAIZHANDOUYIZHIJIANLI“SIXINGCANGKUKANGZHANJINIANGUAN”,RANGSHIMINYONGYUANMINGJIZHEIDUANLISHI。2015NIAN8YUE13RI,JINIANGUANJIANCHENGZHENGSHIDUIWAIKAIFANG。

1937年“四行孤军留沪同志总会”(左)和1941年“孤军营敬赠谢团长纪念像”章(右),现存于上海淞沪抗战纪念馆

  “GELEIZHANPINYESHI1FENpk10SICHUMUJIERLAI,REXINYUANGONGYIWUWEICANGUANZHEJIANGJIE。ZAIZHEIQIJIAN,KANGZHANLAOBINGMENYESHIDINGLIZHICHI,TAMENBUDUANDITIGONGGEZHONGZHENZANGDEZHAOPIAN、SHUXIN、YIWUDENGDENG,HAIJINGCHANGLAIWEICANGUANZHEJIANGSHUQINSHENJINGLIDEZHEIDUANLISHI。JIUSHIXIWANGRENMENDOUNENGJIZHU——YISHIWEIJIAN,WEIMINZUWEILAIERFENDOU。”LVCHUANLIANGSHUO。

1分pk10  XIAOYANJIN,GEANGU,ZAIWUXUANXIAO。

  BASHISANNIANGUOQULE,SUZHOUHEPANYISHIGAOLOULINLI、LVSHUCHENGYIN,WEIYOUSIXINGCANGKUJINIANGUANDEXIQIANGSHANG,YIJIUDANKONGMIBU,FANGFOZAITIXINGZHEHOUREN: WUBEIDANGZIQIANG。(LANMUTONGGAO: ZHONGYANGJIWEIGUOJIAJIANWEIWANGZHAN XIAOYU)


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